"The problem with this (employment) upturn is that it mostly corresponds to undeclared jobs or the self-employed", said Cimar Azeredo of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics.
The former army captain has confessed he himself understands "nothing" about economics, but has a top economic advisor well-liked by the markets, liberal economist Paulo Guedes.
While Trump may initiate a trade war with Beijing, and make statements that are thundering on Twitter, "Bolsonaro's going to have to do a lot more attention to what he says, because its economy is much more fragile", says Joel Velasco. The Amazon rainforest and its most effective defenders - the people who live in it and depend on it - will face an onslaught comparable with the European and U.S. colonisations of the past centuries - policies which are now matters of national shame. Bolsonaro, as shown by his decision to change political parties nine times in his 28 years in politics, is a wild card.
Deforestation is responsible for about a fifth of greenhouse gas emissions and intensifies global warming.
"There has been a deindustrialisation for more than 30 years".
Activists are particularly anxious about the implications for the Amazon rainforest, the "lungs of the planet", which is already losing an area the size of Costa Rica to deforestation each year.
Mr. Bolsonaro brings to high office the promise to reduce regulation and tax and boost investor confidence, and also the threat to more extensively exploit Brazil's vast natural resources, including the Amazon rainforest; he has proposed to build a highway through it.
USA says Turkey's attack in Syria puts Americans at risk
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The Paris deal aims to limit temperature rises to "well below" two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. He threatened to join Trump in withdrawing from the Paris climate accord, but recently backtracked.
Bolsonaro, however, is a contentious figure too, given his derogatory remarks on women, gays and blacks, and policy proposals such as relaxing gun-control laws so "good people" can take justice into their own hands.
"So even if he still wants to withdraw, it will not be simple or easy", Schwartzmann told AFP. The Bolsonaro administration will also merge the Ministries of Agriculture and Environment, said Onyx Lorenzoni, future Chief of Staff.
"He is promoting violence", said Rubens Born from the climate network 350.org.
"These elections revealed the worst in humanity".
The news of Mr. Bolsonaro's victory was fiercely celebrated in the streets and by Brazil's financial markets.
After tumbling into a record recession from 2015 to 2016, Brazil's economy is forecast to grow about 1.4 percent this year.