There are different subtypes of malaria parasites and the variety that causes the most lethal complications are commonly found in African countries which are south of the Sahara Desert, Asian subcontinent, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea and Haiti.
He said: "Individual and governments must make sure that environment is properly clean because malaria does not know anybody, which means it can affect anybody".
The symptoms of the disease include chills and a fever as well as some people experience sweating, diarrhea, vomiting, a headache and other body aches.
He then urged countries to allocate adequate resources and to work across sectors and strengthen cross-border collaboration. The theme for World Malaria Day 2018 is "Ready to Beat Malaria".
Although malaria was eradicated from the United States in the 1950s, around 1,700 cases of malaria are diagnosed in the country each year. We are ready to beat malaria, but the pace of progress must be accelerated to achieve a 40% drop in global malaria cases and deaths by 2020, compared to 2015 levels.
However, recent evidence suggests that the trend toward fewer malaria cases and deaths has stalled, or may have reversed course in some countries.
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee reiterated her commitment towards prevention and cure of mosquito-borne malaria.
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On this occasion Dr Baseer Khan Achakzai Director Malaria said malaria control has prepared national strategies, policies and guidelines which are fully aligned with targets of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and WHO Global Technical Strategy.
World Health Organization maintained that "Without urgent action, the major gains in the fight against malaria are under threat, assuring that it will "continue to call for greater investment and expanded coverage of proven tools that prevent, diagnose and treat malaria".
According to Fiamanya, who is also a research fellow at UK-based Oxford University's Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, there is blood bank burden of malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa, exposing pregnant women and children to malaria parasites.
He said that the prevalence rate was among the highest in world, adding that governments have not done much to reduce it within the last one year.
Every 60 seconds a child dies from malaria in Africa, and despite the fact that infectious disease is the biggest threat to the continent, the spotlight remains focused elsewhere. Since 2000, millions of malaria deaths have been averted especially among children.
Today, malaria's burden is highest in countries classified by the World Bank as low-to-middle income nations.
"I am talking globally on how this impacts the African region which has 80 per cent of the problem".